Abstract：Based on the archaeological discoveries of jade artifacts at different stages of the prehistoric Central Plains, this article analyzes their combination, chronological and spatial distribution and style differences, in order to probe into their social functions, related ideology and developmental history. From the Peiligang period to the Longshan period, the jade culture in the Central Plains went through a process from zero to prosperity. The Central Plains, though not a hometown to the jade culture, absorbed external influences and developed its jade tradition rapidly. The second-mover advantage went hand in hand with the Central-Plains centered trend, which led to the converge, fusion and widespread of prehistoric jade culture in the Central Plains. The Central Plains became a transit hub to the north and the west. More importantly, the Central Plains tradition further contributed to jade as an essential element of early ritual civilization, which became a legacy in the historical period.
Keywords: Central Plains, prehistory, jade employment feature, jade development